Neil Armstrong was an American astronaut who became the first human to walk on the moon. At age 20, Armstrong served in the Korean War, where he flew 78 combat missions. He received an Air Medal and two Gold Stars. In 1955, he graduated from Purdue University with a degree in aeronautical engineering.
Apollo 11 was the name of the spaceflight that landed Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin on the lunar surface. On Monday, July 21st, 1969, Neil Armstrong began his descent to the Moon’s surface by climbing down the ladder of the Lunar Module Eagle. Because this historic landing used slow-scan television, and also due to some weather and technical difficulties, the black and white images received were blurry.
Nevertheless, they were broadcast to over 600 million people back on Earth. The recordings of the original Apollo 11 tapes were destroyed accidentally by NASA. Armstrong and Aldrin landed in the lunar plains known as the Sea of Tranquility. He set his left foot on the Moon and he uttered the famous line “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” Neil Armstrong planted the US flag and he spent two and a half hours on the Moon’s surface. 47.5 pounds of lunar material was collected by Armstrong and Aldrin. This historic landing marked the end of the Space Race between the US and the Soviet Union for supremacy in exploration of the outer space. It also fulfilled the goal set by late US president John F. Kennedy back in 1961. After setting the smaller Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package (ALSEP), Neil Armstrong went for the renowned Moon walk in the area known as the East Crater, 65 yards east of the Lunar Module. After 21 hours and 36 minutes on the lunar surface, Armstrong and Aldrin returned to the Command Module for the crew’s return to Earth. On July 24th, 1969, the three American astronauts landed in the Pacific and then spent 18 days in quarantine, due to possible contamination with lunar germs. Neil Armstrong died on August 25, 2012, in Cincinnati, Ohio.
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