Prashar Rishi Temple and Lake

Originally posted on Himachal Travel Squad:
The temple was built in the thirteenth century and the Lake is said to be unclear how deep it is, with a diver not being able to determine its depth. This lake is located at a distance of 50 KM from Bajaura. It is almost same distance from Mandi…

Trip to Adventurous KAZA

Originally posted on Himachal Travel Squad:
Kaza is 210 Km from Kalpa, 47 km from Tabo. The headquarters of Spiti sub-district, Kaza lies on the bank of river Spiti. In earlier times, it was the capital of Nono, the Chief of Spiti.Kaza has a Buddhist Monastery and also a Hindu temple. Kaza mainly serves as…

Julius Caesar

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Gaius Julius Caesar was born (by Caesarean section according to an unlikely legend) of Aurelia and Gaius Julius Caesar, a praetor. His family had noble, patrician roots, although they were neither rich nor influential in this period. His aunt Julia was the wife of Gaius Marius, leader of the…

The Samurai Warriors – one who serves

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The legends of the Japanese warrior-statesmen, referred to as the samurai, are renowned for accounts of military valor and political intrigue epic conflicts between powerful lords, samurai vassals, and the imperial court as well as accounts of profound self-sacrifice and loyalty. The term samurai is derived from the word…

Lions – An iconic species

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Historically lions ranged from Africa, east across southern Asia into India, and north into southeast Europe. Thousands of years of human persecution and habitat loss have drastically reduced the distribution of lions. Lions in Europe went extinct nearly 2,000 years ago, and a small population of 411 animals is…

The Howling Wolves

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Wolves range in color from grizzled gray or black to allwhite. Wolves live in packs, which are complex social structures that include the breeding adult pair (the alpha male and female) and their offspring. A hierarchy of dominant and subordinate animals within the pack help it to function as…

Lionel Messi

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Lionel Andrés Messi (born 24 June 1987) is an Argentine footballer who currently plays for La Liga team Barcelona and the Argentine national team. Messi is considered to be one of the best football players of his generation,having received several Ballon d’Or and FIFA World Player of the Year…

Mystery behind origin of the TarotS

The origin of the tarot is a mystery. We do know for sure that the cards were used in Italy in the fifteenth century as a popular card game. Wealthy patrons commissioned beautiful decks, some of which have survived. The Visconti-Sforza, created in 1450 or shortly thereafter, is one of the earliest and most complete….

Humayun – The eldest son of Babur

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Humayun was the eldest son of Babur. Humayun means “fortune” but he remained the most unfortunate ruler of the Mughal Empire. Humayun had three brothers, Kamran, Askari and Hindal. Humayun divided the empire among his brothers but this proved to be a great blunder on his part. Kamran was…

Babur was the founder of the Mughal Empire

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Babur was the founder of the Mughal Empire in India. His original name was Zahiruddin Muhammad. He was related to Timur from his father’s side and to Chengiz Khan through his mother. Babur succeeded his father Umar Shaikh Mirza as the ruler of Farghana. But he was soon defeated…

The Bhakti Movement

Originally posted on The C Minds :
In the ninth century Sankara started a Hindu revivalist movement giving a new orientation to Hinduism. He was born in Kaladi in Kerala. His doctrine of Advaita or Monism was too abstract to appeal to the common man. Moreover, there was a reaction against the Advaita concept of Nirgunabrahman…

The Sufism

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Sufism was a liberal reform movement within Islam. It had its origin in Persia and spread into India in the eleventh century. The first Sufi saint Shaikh Ismail of Lahore started preaching his ideas. The most famous of the Sufi saints of India was Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti, who settled…

The Art and Architecture of Delhi Sultanate

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The art and architecture of the Delhi Sultanate period was distinct from the Indian style. The Turks introduced arches, domes, lofty towers or minarets and decorations using the Arabic script. They used the skill of the Indian stone cutters. They also added colour to their buildings by using marbles, red…

The Khalji Dynasty (1290-1320)

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The advent of the Khalji dynasty marked the zenith of Muslim imperialism in India. The founder of the Khalji dynasty was Jalaluddin Khalji. He was seventy years old when he came to power. He was generous and lenient. Malik Chhajju, nephew of Balban was allowed to remain the governor…

The Battle of Tarain (1191-1192)

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The Battles of Tarain, also known as the Battles of Taraori. The Hindu princes of north India formed a confederacy under the command of Prithiviraj Chauhan. Prithviraj rose to the occasion, and defeated Ghori in the battle of Tarain near Delhi in 1191 A.D. Muhammad Ghori felt greatly humiliated…

Life of Harsha

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The founder of the family of Harsha was Pushyabhuti. Pushyabhutis were the feudatories of the Guptas. They called themselves Vardhanas. After the Hun invasions they assumed independence. The first important king of Pushyabhuti dynasty was Prabhakaravardhana. His capital was Thaneswar, north of Delhi. He assumed the title Maharajadhiraja and…

The Pandyas kingdom

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The Pandyas ruled over the present day southern Tamil Nadu. Their capital was Madurai. The earliest kings of the Pandyan dynasty were Nediyon, Palyagasalai Mudukudumi Peruvaludhi and Mudathirumaran. There were two Neduncheliyans. The first one was known as Aryappadai Kadantha Neduncheliyan (one who won victories over the Aryan forces).…

The Sangam Age

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The Sangam Age constitutes an important chapter in the history of South India. According to Tamil legends, there existed three Sangams (Academy of Tamil poets) in ancient Tamil Nadu popularly called Muchchangam. These Sangams flourished under the royal patronage of the Pandyas. The first Sangam, held at Then Madurai,…

The Gandhara school of art

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The home of the Gandhara school of art is the territory in and around Peshawar in northwestern India. The best of the Gandhara sculpture was produced during the first and second centuries A.D. It originated during the reign of Indo-Greek rulers but the real patrons of this school of…

The Kanishka and Buddhism

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Kanishka embraced Buddhism in the early part of his reign. However, his coins exhibit the images of not only Buddha but also Greek and Hindu gods. It reflects the Kanishka’s toleration towards other religions. In the age of Kanishka the Mahayana Buddhism came into vogue. It is different in…

The Sunga Dynasty

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The founder of the Sunga dynasty was Pushyamitra Sunga, who was the commander-in-chief under the Mauryas. He assassinated the last Mauryan ruler and usurped the throne. The most important challenge to the Sunga rule was to protect north India against the invasions of the Bactrian Greeks from the northwest.…

Bindusara (298 – 273 B.C.)

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Bindusara was called by the Greeks as “Amitragatha” meaning slayer of enemies. He is said to have conquered the Deccan up to Mysore. Taranatha, the Tibetan monk states that Bindusara conquered 16 states comprising ‘the land between the two seas’. The Sangam Tamil literature also confirms the Mauryan invasion…

Chandragupta Maurya (322 – 298 B.C.)

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of the Mauryan Empire. He, at the young age of 25, captured Pataliputra from the last ruler of the Nanda dynasty, Dhanananda. In this task he was assisted by Kautilya, who was also known as Chanakya or Vishnugupta. After firmly establishing his power in…

Battle of Hydaspes

Originally posted on The C Minds :
In 327 B.C. Alexander crossed the Hindukush Mountains and spent nearly ten months in fighting with the tribes. He crossed the Indus in February 326 B.C. with the help of the bridge of boats.He was warmly received by Ambhi, the ruler of Taxila. From there Alexander sent a message…

Ajatasatru – The Haryanka Dynasty

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The reign of Ajatasatru was remarkable for his military conquests. He fought against Kosala and Vaisali. His won a great success against a formidable confederacy led by the Lichchavis of Vaisali. This had increased his power and prestige. This war lasted for about sixteen years. It was at this…

Bimbisara (546 – 494 B.C.) – A King of Magadha

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Bimbisara belonged to the Haryanka dynasty. He consolidated his position by matrimonial alliances. His first matrimonial alliance was with the ruling family of Kosala. He married Kosaladevi, sister of Prasenajit. He was given the Kasi region as dowry which yielded large revenue. Bimbisara married Chellana, a princess of the…

Gautama Buddha

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Gautama or Siddhartha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in 567 B.C. in Lumbini Garden near Kapilavastu. His father was Suddodhana of the Sakya clan and mother Mayadevi. As his mother died at child birth, he was brought up by his aunt Prajapati Gautami. At the age of sixteen…

Vardhamana Mahavira and Jain Tradition.

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Vardhamana Mahavira was the 24th Tirthankara of the Jain tradition. He was born at Kundagrama near Vaisali to Kshatriya parents Siddhartha and Trisala. He married Yasoda and gave birth to a daughter. At the age of thirty he became an ascetic and wandered for twelve years. In the 13th…

The Vedic literature

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The word ‘Veda’ is derived from the root ‘vid’, which means to know. In other words, the term ‘Veda’ signifies ‘superior knowledge’. The Vedic literature consists of the four Vedas – Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva. The Rig Veda is the earliest of the four Vedas and it consists…

The Harappan sculpture

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The Harappan sculpture revealed a high degree of workmanship. Figures of men and women, animals and birds made of terracotta and the carvings on the seals show the degree of proficiency attained by the sculptor. The figure of a dancing girl from Mohenjodaro made of bronze is remarkable for…

The Harappan Civilization

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The earliest excavations in the Indus valley were done at Harappa in the West Punjab and Mohenjodaro in Sind. Both places are now in Pakistan. The findings in these two cities brought to light a civilization. It was first called the ‘The Indus Valley Civilization’. But this civilization was…

The Indian subcontinent

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The Indian subcontinent is a well-defined geographical unit. It may be divided into three major regions: the Himalayan Mountains, the Indo-Gangetic Plains and the Southern Peninsula. There are five countries in the subcontinent – India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. India is the largest among them and it comprises…

The Great Himalayan Mountains

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The Himalayan Mountains are situated on the north of India starting from the Pamir in the extreme northwest of India, the mighty Himalayan range extends towards northeast. The Himalayas or Himalaya is a mountain range in the South Asia, which separates the Indo-Gangetic Plain from the Tibetan Plateau.  It…

Irfan habib- Indian historian of ancient and medieval India,

Originally posted on The C Minds :
He  is  a  well  known  Indian historian of Mughal  history. Although, he has written several  books and contributed to Marxist school of historiography, his Interpreting Indian History, Caste and Money   in   Indian   History,   Problems of   Marxist   Historiography, Agrarian  System  of  Mughal  India,  An  Atlas of the Mughal  Empire and…

Bipan Chandra

Originally posted on The C Minds :
He is one more prominent historian of the Marxist school of historiography,  who  has  written  several  books on Indian history. Among them the Rise and Growth of Economic  Nationalism,Nationalism an is Colonialism  in  India,India Struggle for Independence and Communalism in Modern India are well known and standard books written…

What were the effects of partition on India and Pakistan?

Originally posted on The C Minds :
When  the  Congress  won  the  assembly elections in 1946 according to the Cabinet Mission Plan, the Muslim League got alarmed at the success of Congress. It decided to boycott the assembly and instead observed 16 August 1946 as Direct Action Day. The Muslim  League  declared  that  Muslims should resort…

The Indian National Movement

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The Indian national movement was undoubtedly one of  the biggest mass movements modern Society has ever seen, It was a movement which  galvanized  millions  of  People  of  all classes and ideologies into political action and brought to its knees a mighty colonial  empire. Consequently,  along  with  the  British,  French,Russian, …

Religious Reform Among Sikhs

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Religious reform among the Sikhs was started at the end of the 19 Th  Century when the Khalsa College started at Amritsar. Through the efforts of the Singh Sabhas (1870) and with British support, the Khalsa College was founded at Amritsar in 1892. This college and schools set up…

Swami Vivekananda -India’s spiritual heritage

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Vivekananda was proud of India’s spiritual heritage, but he believed that no individual or nation can live by holding himself or itself apart from the community of others. He condemned the caste system, rigid rituals, century old superstitions and advocated liberty, free thinking and equality. Vivekananda was indeed, a…

Raja Ram Mohan Roy -A humanist by birth

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Raja Ram Mohan Roy is a great historical figure who put laudable efforts to transform India and dared to defy the age old Hindu traditions. Raja Rammohan Roy was not merely a religious reformer but a social reformer also. His greatest achievement was the abolition of Sati in 1929.…

A shamshan ghat – A platform designed for the cremation of bodies.

A shamshan ghat (cremation ground) is a platform designed for the cremation of bodies. Typically, it is built near rivers or fresh streams so that ashes can be disposed of after cremation in accordance with Hindu tradition.Members of the Hindu faith have been cremating their dead for centuries, in accordance with their religious beliefs. By…

Naga – A good man or holy man

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Naga in Sanskrit means mountain, people residing in and around mountains are known as Pahadi or Naga. In Hinduism, a Sadhu means a “good man or holy man”. The sādhu is solely dedicated to achieving moksa or liberation, the fourth and final asrama or stage of life, through meditation…

Olympus national park, Greece

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Olympus national park, Greece- In 1938, Olympus, the highest Greek mountain, the residence of the twelve ancient gods, was the first area which was declared as a National Park. About 50 years ago a special regime was enforced to protect this unique part of our country. The aim was…

National parks of svalbard, Norway

Originally posted on The C Minds :
National parks of svalbard, Norway– Norway has 44 national parks, 37 on the mainland and seven on Svalbard. From underwater wonders to high mountainous areas, these parks offer a variety of landscapes and a wide range of exciting outdoors experiences.Svalbard is Arctic wilderness and polar bear country. The opportunity…

Mu ko similan national park, Thailand

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Mu ko similan national park, Thailand– Established as a national park in 1982, Similan Islands are an archipelago of 11 islands in Phang Nga Province 70km off the coast at Andaman Sea, covering an area of 70sqkm. With a rich marine life consisting of magical hard/soft coral reefs, crystal…

Komodo National park

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Komodo national park – Komodo National Park is located in the center of the Indonesian archipelago, between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores. Established in 1980, initially the main purpose of the Park was to conserve the unique Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) and its habitat. However, over the years,…

Chitwan national park

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Chitwan national park-  Nepal is a land of extreme contrasts in climate and geography, It has a unique topography ranging from lowlands with sub-tropical jungles to arctic conditions in the Himalayan highlands. Within a mere 150 kilometers the land rises from near sea level in the south to over…

Ranthambore national park, India

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Ranthambore national park, india– Ranthambore National Park is one of the biggest and most renowned national park in Northern India. The park is located in the Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan, which is about 130 km from Jaipur. Being considered as one of the famous and former hunting…

Bokor national park, Cambodia

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Bokor national park, Cambodia – Established by the French as a hill station in 1925, Bokor has since been abandoned twice, during World War II and the Khmer Rouge period. The area including Bokor ‘mountain’ was established as a national park in 1993 with its 1,500 square kilometres spanning…

Gorkhi-Terelj national park, Mongolia

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Gorkhi-Terelj national park, Mongolia – One of the national parks of Mongolia. It is about 80km north-east of Ulaanbaatar, is a deservedly popular destination. At 1600m, the area is cool and the alpine scenery is magnificent, and there are great opportunities for hiking, rock climbing, swimming (in icy water),…

Zubaan – a step to music evolution

Zubaan is an organization dedicated to connecting lives through music and performance. Zubaan believes that sharing music with others enhances lives by offering people the best experience and means to express their musical passions, and themselves. Source: Zubaan – a step to music evolution

Crucifixion of Jesus or What is Good Friday?

Son of God Source: Crucifixion of Jesus What is Good Friday-  The Friday before Easter Sunday, on which the Crucifixion of Christ is commemorated in the Christian Church. It is traditionally a day of fasting and penance.Good Friday commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus. It is the most solemn day in the Christian calendar. The dates…

Luxor – The Valley of Kings

Originally posted on The C Minds :
Luxor is a city on the east bank of the Nile River in Egypt. It’s on the site of ancient Thebes, the pharaohs’ capital at the height of their power, during the 16th-11th centuries B.C.E. Today’s city surrounds 2 huge, surviving temples. The royal tombs of the Valley of…

Holi the festival of colors – India

Holi celebration begins with lighting up of bonfire on the Holi eve (Holika Dahan). Holi festival may be celebrated with various names and people of different states might be following different traditions. Holi is an ancient festival of India and was originally known as ‘Holika’. The festival of Holi is celebrated on the day after the full moon in early March every year. However, this festival is a…

San Pedro Sula – The most violent city in the world

San Pedro Sula has been named the most dangerous place on earth, with an average of more than three homicides per day; it is one of the world’s most violent areas.The city, called the ‘murder capital of the world,’ has been beset by violence stemming from the drug trade, and numerous gangs fighting for power. …

The Bajirao Peshwa and Mastani bai

Bajirao was a Peshwa to the fourth Maratha emperor, Chhatrapati Shahu Raje Bhonsle. As a general, he led his troops in over 41 battles and never lost a war. Through these battles, he expanded the Maratha empire into the north and strengthened its hold over its territories. He was raised a Brahmin (the priestly class),…

Aghori Sadhu – The ascetic Cannibals

“Akal mritue vo mare jo kam kare chandal ka, kaal b uska kya kare jo bhakt ho Mahakaal ka” Death presents an unknown element that speaks of a certain but unknown future, yet remains an untouchable predicament in the present. The future is and always will be an unknown experience, a reality that will not…

The Gaddi community

Originally posted on The C Minds :
The Gaddi community, living primarily on either sides of the Dhauladhar mountain range in Himachal Pradesh, is among the most enigmatic anthropological groups inhabiting the Indian subcontinent. Gaddis have lived and supplemented the greater mountain culture of the region for centuries, and yet maintained a very distinct identity for…

Chanakya – key advisor and councilor of Chandragupta Maurya

Chanakya is derived from his father‟s name Rishi “Chanak”. Chanakya was born to Chanak and Chaneswari, the Maga Brahmin couple in the village of Chanak in Gola district of Magadh. In Indian history, the centuries to come and that passed by, are recorded many great persons and legendary characters who shaped time through their extraordinary deeds and their excellence in every skill. But among of them, Chanakya may be the only one personality who has been respected and accepted as a brilliant person not only by Indian scholars but also western Scholars too.

Japan Airlines (JAL) – world’s best airline for its on-time performance service

Image Credit: poskyarchive.com  YOSHIHARU UEKI – PRESIDENT of JAL Japan Airlines (JAL) is the world’s best airline for its on-time performance service, according to FlightStats Inc., an independent aviation performance-tracking company, which today presented JAL with its Major International Airlines On-time Performance Service Award for 2015. The predecessor of our current company, Japan Airlines Co., Ltd….

Gompas – The Buddhist Temples

Gompas are Buddhist temples, located in Tibet, Ladakh (India), Nepal, and Bhutan. Their design and interior details vary from region to region, however, all follow a general layout of a central prayer hall containing a Buddha statue, benches for the monks or nuns to engage in prayer or meditation and attached living accommodation. Most of these Gompas are located in remote areas, usually at great heights. Either the Mahayana or the Hinayana Buddhist sects built most monasteries in the Ladakh area of Kashmir. Monasteries in Ladakh are perched on high cliffs.

Om Mani Padme Hum

The Mani mantra is the most widely used of all Buddhist mantras, and open to anyone who feels inspired to practice it – it does not require prior initiation by a lama (meditation master).Tibetan Buddhists believe that saying the mantra (prayer), Om Mani Padme Hum, out loud or silently to oneself, invokes the powerful benevolent…

The Pythagorean Theorem

The Pythagorean Theorem was one of the earliest theorems known to ancient civilizations. This famous theorem is named for the Greek mathematician and philosopher, Pythagoras. Pythagoras founded the Pythagorean School of Mathematics in Cortona, a Greek seaport in Southern Italy. He is credited with many contributions to mathematics although some of them may have actually…

Glacier National Park

Glacier National Park is a 1,583-sq.-mi. wilderness area in Montana’s Rocky Mountains, with glacier-carved peaks and valleys running to the Canadian border.  Come and experience Glacier’s pristine forests, alpine meadows, rugged mountains, and spectacular lakes. With over 700 miles of trails, Glacier is a hiker’s paradise for adventurous visitors seeking wilderness and solitude. Relive the…

Top 05 Worst Prisons in the World.

Prison, A place for the confinement and punishment of persons convicted of crimes, especially felonies.A jail is used to temporarily detain those who are suspected or convicted of a crime. It is used for the short-term, usually to hold those awaiting trial or to hold those convicted of low-level offenses that have sentences of one year or less. A prison is a facility that holds convicts who have committed crimes the legal system deems especially serious for more long-term sentences.The most notable difference between jails and prisons is that prison inmates have been tried and convicted of crimes, while those in jail may be awaiting trial, where they may yet be found innocent. A prison is under the jurisdiction of either federal or state governments, while a jail holds people accused under federal, state, county, and/or city laws. A jail holds inmates from two days up to one year.

Megan Fox – American actress and model

Megan Denise Fox is an American actress and model. She began her acting career in 2001, with several minor television and film roles, and played a regular role on the Hope & Faith television sitcom.

Cape Town – Your gateway to the best Adventure destinations!

Cape Town is a port city on South Africa’s southwest coast, on a peninsula beneath the imposing Table Mountain. Cape Point is an Executive Partner of Cape Town Tourism. Looming large and welcoming you to Cape Town, whether you are arriving by plane, train, boat or automobile, is the iconic Table Mountain, one of the…

Royal Penthouse Suite, Geneva

The Royal Penthouse Suite of the Hotel President Wilson is famous for being the largest one in Europe (1’680 sqm in total) and the most luxurious Suite in the world, attracting numerous celebrities and Head of States. The Suite has even been awarded “World’s Leading Hotel Suite” at the prestigious World Travel Awards. Located on…

Madagascar 3 – Europe’s Most Wanted comedy film

Madagascar 3: Europe’s Most Wanted is a 2012 American 3D computer-animated comedy film, produced by DreamWorks Animation and distributed by Paramount Pictures. It is the third installment of the Madagascar series, a sequel to Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa, and it is the first in the series to be released in 3D. The film is directed…

Philippine Airlines

Philippine Airlines, a trade name of PAL Holdings, Inc., also known historically as Philippine Air Lines, is the flag carrier of the Philippines.On November 14, 1935, the Philippine Congress approved the franchise of Philippine Aerial Taxi Company Incorporated (PATCO) to provide mail, cargo and passenger service particularly in the island of Luzon.  The company then…

Chris Evans – An American Actor

Born on: 13th Jun 81 Born in: United States Marital status: Single Occupation: Actor Christopher “Chris” Robert Evans is an American actor. Evans is best known for his superhero roles as the Marvel Comics characters Captain America in the Marvel Cinematic Universe and the Human Torch in Fantastic Four.Chris Evans net worth is estimated at…

Harrison Ford – An American actor and film producer

Harrison Ford is an American actor and film producer. He gained worldwide fame for his starring roles as Han Solo in the original Star Wars epic space opera trilogy and the title character of the Indiana Jones film series.Harrison Ford is one of Hollywood’s leading men, with an acting career that has spanned nearly 40…