Emergence of Indian National Congress.

Indian National Congress known as Congress party, The Indian National Congress was founded by Allan Octavian Hume in 1885. Hume was a retired Civil Service Officer. Congress party is one of the parties who fought against British rule in India. He saw a growing political consciousness among the Indians and wanted to give it a safe, constitutional outlet so that their resentment would not develop into popular agitation against the British rule in India. He was supported in this scheme by the Viceroy, Lord Dufferin, and by a group of eminent Indians. Womesh Chandra Banerjee of Calcutta was elected as the first President of INA. The Indian National Congress represented an urge of the politically conscious Indians to set up a national organization to work for their betterment. Its leaders had complete faith in the British Government and in its sense of justice. They believed that if they would place their grievances before the government reasonably, the British would certainly try to rectify them. Among the liberal leaders, the most prominent were Firoz Shah Mehta, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Dada Bhai Naoroji, Ras Behari Bose, Badruddin Tayabji, etc. From 1885 to 1905, the Indian National Congress had a very narrow social base. Its influence was confined to the urban educated Indians.

Womesh Chandra Banerjee :

Womesh Chandra Banerjee was an Indian politician and the first president of Indian National Congress. He presided over the first session of the Indian National Congress at Bombay in 1885. He proposed the formation of standing committees of the Congress in each province for the better Co-ordination of its work and it was on this occasion that he advocated that the Congress should confine its activities to political matters only, leaving the question of social reforms to other organizations. He was the president of the Indian National Congress again in the 1892 session in Allahabad where he denounced the position that India had to prove her worthiness for political freedom. W.C. Banerjee was a great political leader of our country. He struggled to achieve freedom from the bondage of British regime. He followed constitutional means always believed in loyalty to the British crown. He believed that the British presence in India was a blessing to Indians and he relied on the British to guide the political in India. He also believed that the British rule has done much good in India by cleansing the Indian society.  He also praised the British for introducing in India contemporary development in science and technology. He was also influenced by the western education, thought and culture. He relied on the pledges made by the British from time to time. He also led the growth of national feeling and the unity of India. He also created a common political platform, aroused and consolidation of public opinion and the creation of an All-India national political leadership. This aroused in the minds of the nationalist Indians.

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