Indian art history has given a rich storage of traditional painting in Indian sub-continent from history to present time. Mithila had long been famous in India for its rich culture and numerous poets, scholars, and theologians. Madhubani is a district of North Bihar situated at a distance of 194 kilometers from Patna city. The village Jitwarpur is around two/three kilometers away from Madhubani Railway station. A big cultural activity of Bihar is traditionally practiced by different community artists. Madhubani painting is an emblematic expression of day-to-day experiences and beliefs. As such, symbolism, simplicity and beauty hold them together in a single school of traditional art. The symbols that these Maithili painters use have their specific meanings as, for instance, fish symbolize fertility, procreation and good luck, peacocks are associated with romantic love and religion, and serpents are the divine protectors. Characterized by vibrant use of color, underlying symbolism and traditional geometric patterns supporting the main theme, the Indian folk art form of Madhubani succeeded in creating a place for itself in the international house of fame and is now recognized worldwide. The Government of India is also paying its tribute by starting training programs educating people on Madhubani paintings. Painting on paper for sale has changed this dramatically. Aside from generating important new family income, individual women have gained local, national, and even international recognition. Artists are being invited to exhibitions across India, and to Europe, the United States, and Japan – no longer as “folk artists,” but now as “contemporary artists.” Where once their paintings were “anonymous,” now they are proudly signed. Madhubani, or Mithila, painting is a folk painting of northern India. It is mostly practiced by women in the villages who have passed this art to their daughters through multiple generations. They paint pictures of nature and mythology to depict different events like birth, marriage, and cycles of life. Though this folk art has been practiced for centuries it started to gain national recognition only in the last few decades. Now, art patrons can find Madhubani artists in several cities of northern India, many of whom are experimenting and adapting the traditional styles to modern ethos and medium. Everyone in Bihar’s Madhubani is an artist According to time and people medium and tools has changed. Now most of the artists use watercolors and handmade papers. But they maintain the traditional characteristics and style and themes of paintings although the medium and tools has changed. In order to create a new source of non-agricultural income, different organizations encourage the artists to produce their traditional paintings on handmade paper for commercial sale. This way now it also widely spread.
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