The Vedas are the sacred literature of ancient India, which is also the oldest and basic scripture of the Hindus. Thus the literal meaning of Veda is ‘Knowledge’. Words like ‘Vidit’ (known), ‘Vidya’ (knowledge), ‘Vidwan’ (knowledgeable) have come from this root. Vedas are the oldest religious texts of India. It was compiled by Maharishi Krishna Vyas Dwaipajan ji. The meaning of Veda is knowledge. Where is the Vedas also known as Shruti, because this knowledge was narrated by God to the sages and sages. At that time the Vedas were not in written form, so this knowledge was remembered only in the form of Smriti. There are 4 Vedas – Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda respectively. The Puranas are 18 – respectively Brahma, Padma, Vaishnava, Vayavya (Shaiva), Bhagavata, Narada, Markandeya, Agneya, Bhavishya, Brahmavaivarta, Lang (Linga), Varaha, Skanda, Vamana, Kaurma (Kurma), Matsya, Garuda, the universe. The Upanishads are part of the Vedas.
According to the Narada Purana, there was only one Purana in ancient times, whose expansion was in 100 crore verses, which is still present in Devlok. Seeing that the Puranas were not being accepted in the world according to time, Lord Vishnu appeared in the form of Brahmavetta Mahatma Vyas, collected the Puranas of four lakh verses for the benefit of the entire world and divided it into 18 parts and composed 18 Puranas. The names of these 18 Puranas (18 Puranas name in Hindi) are as follows.
|1. ब्रह्म पुराण||10. ब्रह्म वैवर्त पुराण|
|2. पद्म पुराण||11. लिङ्ग पुराण|
|3. विष्णु पुराण||12. वाराह पुराण|
|4. वायु पुराण||13. स्कन्द पुराण|
|5. भागवत पुराण||14. वामन पुराण|
|6. नारद पुराण||15. कूर्म पुराण|
|7. मार्कण्डेय पुराण||16. मत्स्य पुराण|
|8. अग्नि पुराण||17. गरुड़ पुराण|
|9. भविष्य पुराण||18. ब्रह्माण्ड पुराण|