Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was a philosopher, educationist, writer, publisher, reformer, and philanthropist. He was born on 26th day of September, 1820. He was known as Ishwar Chandra Bandopadhyay. He was an obstinate boy. He had turned his obstinacy into rock-like strength of character that would not stoop to any adverse state of affairs.From 1829 to 1841 Ishwar Chandra studied Vedanta, Vyakaran, Literature, Rhetoric’s, Smriti and Ethics in Sanskrit College. Vidyasagar came of an obscure orthodox Brahmin family in Midnapore.
Yet he won the heart of the Bengali people by dint of his versatile activities. He roused the Bengali people from the caves of idleness and ignorance. He traveled all over Bengal in the capacity of Inspector of Schools. It gave him the opportunity to understand the pervading darkness and superstitions in which people of Bengal lived in the absence of education. It resulted in establishment of 20 Model schools in only two months. He also realized that unless women were educated it was impossible liberate them from the terrible burden of inequalities and injustice.His contribution in the field of education, particularly modern education and women’s education is great. His was one the most important personalities of Bengal Renaissance. The efforts of Vidyasagar in reforming the society is praiseworthy.