Category: Aurangzeb

Aurangzeb – Abul Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb

Aurangzeb, who won the war of succession, ascended the throne in 1658. He killed all his three brothers one by one and imprisoned his father Shahjahan at Agra. AURANGZEB, the third son of Shah Jahan, was born on October 24, 1618, at Dohad, on the frontier of Gujarat and Rajputana. Industrious and thorough, he had distinguished himself as an able administrator during the years that he spent in the Deccan and other provinces of the empire. He was also a fearless soldier and a skillful general, and because of the hostile influence at court of his brother Dara, he had had to learn all the tactics of diplomacy. As emperor, he ruled more of India than any previous monarch, but in a court that had become a byword for luxury, he lived a life of austere piety. Yet of all India’s rulers, few pursued policies that have excited more controversy among successive generations. In large measure, this is the result of his religious policies, for it was these that have colored men’s evaluation of his reign. Aurangzeb was an orthodox Sunni Muslim who did not have any faith on the other religions except his own. To him, his own religion was the only true religion. In this respect, he was just the opposite of his great grandfather Akbar. Akbar had taken liberal stand in the matters of religion as a result he had obtained the support of the Hindus. Jahangir and Shahjahan also maintained the policy of Akbar. In 1689, he conquered the Kingdom of the Maratha and captured the son of Shivaji, Sambhaji, who ordered to execute. However, conflict not ended in the South of the India, since the troops of the Maratha which had not been destroyed began a guerrilla war. This forced the emperor to keep in the South to the greater part of his army. Two years later he got the Trichinopoly and Tanjore rulers recognize sovereignty and began to pay tribute, which managed to bring his power more to the South of the region of the reproductions. At the end of his reign he had obtained for the Indian Empire the largest in its history, but the country was plunged into a major crisis: the Maratha campaigns had depleted the coffers of the Treasury imperial, in the North the Sikhs were in continuous agitation, the Hindus felt increasingly despised and revolts had become commonplace in the rest of the country. When Aurangzeb died in 1707 , began a series of struggles between his sons in order to occupy the throne, that Muazzan was victorious.