Learn about the founding of newspapers in India – Hicky Bengal Gazette

James Augustus Hicky was the founder of India’s first newspaper, the Calcutta General Advertiser also known as Hicky’s Bengal Gazette, in 1780. Soon other newspapers came into existence in Calcutta and Madras: the Calcutta Gazette, the Bengal Journal, the Oriental Magazine, the Madras Courier and the Indian Gazette. While the India Gazette introduced in November, 1781 enjoyed governmental patronage including free postal circulation and advertisements, Hicky’s Bengal Gazette earned the rulers’ wrath due to its criticism of the Government. It was a Weekly Political and Commercial Paper, Open to all Parties, but influenced by none. It was founded by James Augustus Hickey. It also known as “Calcutta General Advertiser & Bengal Gazette”. It published in English language. The newspaper soon became very famous not only people but among the British soldiers posted in India at that time.

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