Category: Freedom fighters

Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna – A famous patriotic Ghazal Written by the Indian revolutionary Bismil Azimabadi.

सरफरोशी की तमन्ना भारतीय क्रान्तिकारी बिस्मिल अज़ीमाबादी द्वारा लिखित एक प्रसिद्ध देशभक्तिपूर्ण गजल है

Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna is a  famous patriotic Ghazal Written by the Indian revolutionary Bismil Azimabadi 

सरफ़रोशी की तमन्ना, अब हमारे दिल में है।
देखना है ज़ोर कितना, बाज़ु-ए-कातिल में है?

करता नहीं क्यूँ दूसरा कुछ बातचीत,
देखता हूँ मैं जिसे वो चुप तेरी महफ़िल में है
ऐ शहीदे-ए-मुल्क-ओ-मिल्लत, मैं तेरे ऊपर निसार,
अब तेरी हिम्मत का चर्चा ग़ैर की महफ़िल में है
सरफ़रोशी की तमन्ना अब हमारे दिल में है

वक़्त आने पर बता देंगे तुझे, ए आसमान,
हम अभी से क्या बताएँ क्या हमारे दिल में है
खेँच कर लाई है सब को क़त्ल होने की उमीद,
आशिक़ोँ का आज जमघट कूच-ए-क़ातिल में है
सरफ़रोशी की तमन्ना अब हमारे दिल में है।

है लिये हथियार दुश्मन, ताक में बैठा उधर
और हम तैय्यार हैं; सीना लिये अपना इधर।
खून से खेलेंगे होली, गर वतन मुश्किल में है
सरफ़रोशी की तमन्ना, अब हमारे दिल में है।

हाथ, जिन में हो जुनूँ, कटते नही तलवार से;
सर जो उठ जाते हैं वो, झुकते नहीं ललकार से।
और भड़केगा जो शोला, सा हमारे दिल में है;
सरफ़रोशी की तमन्ना, अब हमारे दिल में है।

हम तो निकले ही थे घर से, बाँधकर सर पे कफ़न
जाँ हथेली पर लिये लो, बढ चले हैं ये कदम।
जिन्दगी तो अपनी महमाँ, मौत की महफ़िल में है
सरफ़रोशी की तमन्ना, अब हमारे दिल में है।

यूँ खड़ा मक़्तल में क़ातिल, कह रहा है बार-बार;
क्या तमन्ना-ए-शहादत, भी किसी के दिल में है?
दिल में तूफ़ानों की टोली और नसों में इन्कलाब;
होश दुश्मन के उड़ा, देंगे हमें रोको न आज।
दूर रह पाये जो हमसे, दम कहाँ मंज़िल में है

जिस्म वो क्या जिस्म है, जिसमें न हो खूने-जुनूँ;
क्या लड़े तूफाँ से, जो कश्ती-ए-साहिल में है।

सरफ़रोशी की तमन्ना, अब हमारे दिल में है;
देखना है ज़ोर कितना, बाज़ु-ए-कातिल में है।

The Queen of Awadh- Begum Hazrat Mahal

बेगम हज़रत महल 

Begum Hazrat Mahal

लखनऊ में ‘1857 की क्रांति’ का नेतृत्व बेगम हज़रत महल ने किया था। अपने नाबालिग पुत्र बिरजिस कादर को गद्दी पर बिठाकर उन्होंने अंग्रेज़ी सेना का स्वयं मुक़ाबला किया।

Begum Hazrat Mahal, also known as the ‘Begum of Awadh’, was one of the earliest female staunch freedom fighter during the First Indian War of Independence. She was the first wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah and possessed the courage and leadership to rebel against the British East India Company during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The Indian War was one of the most significant colonial wars of the nineteenth century because it brought India, which had been ruled by agents of the British East India Company, directly under the control of the British Crown. It also united Hindus and Muslims in ways that would never happen again. This led directly to the Indian independence movement and the creation of the modern nations of India and Pakistan. Hazrat Mahal was the only major leader never to surrender to the British, and she maintained her opposition through twenty years of exile in Nepal until her death in 1879. After the British annexed their territory and the King of Awadh, Nawab Wajid Ali Shah was sent away in exile to Calcutta, she took the responsibility of managing the affairs of the state in her own hands. Later, in association with the revolutionary forces, she seized control of Lucknow and declared her son as the new King of Awadh. She played a pivotal role in the first war of Indian independence and fought the British forces along with other revolutionaries. But the British troops attacked Awadh again and after a long siege were able to re-capture it, forcing her to retreat. She refused to accept any kind of favors and allowances offered by the British rulers. Begum was not only a strategist but also fought in the battlefield. She had rejected the offer to accept a pension of Rs 12 lakh by British. When her forces lost ground, she fled Oudh and tried to organize soldiers again in other places. She spent sometime in Terai also and ultimately had to leave for Nepal where despite demands of British government asking for her handover to face trial, she was allowed to live in the Himalayan kingdom where she died in 1879.

लखनऊ की तवायफ हैदरीबाई के यहाँ तमाम अंग्रेज़ अफ़सर आते थे और कई बार क्रांतिकारियों के ख़िलाफ़ योजनाओं पर बात किया करते थे। हैदरीबाई ने पेशे से परे अपनी देशभक्ति का परिचय देते हुये इन महत्त्वपूर्ण सूचनाओं को क्रांतिकारियों तक पहुँचाया और बाद में वह भी रहीमी के सैनिक दल में शामिल हो गयी।

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar – Staunch supporter of Indian Freedom

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar is known to people as one of the keen freedom fighters of India. But he was not just a freedom fighter. He was a bold warrior, good speaker , prolific writer, a poet, a historian, a philosopher, a social worker, a cautious leader, a bard and Staunch supporter of Freedom and much more. The following article is a glimpse of what we mean by his multifaceted personality. His biography is like a thrilling novel. It inspires readers with patriotism. Vinayak was born in the family of Damodar and Radhabai Savarkar in the village of Bhagur, near the city of Nasik, Maharashtra. He had three other siblings namely Ganesh, Narayan, and a sister named Mainabai. He was the proponent of liberty as the ultimate ideal. Savarkar was a poet, writer and playwright. He launched a movement for religious reform advocating dismantling the system of caste in Hindu culture, and reconversion of the converted Hindus back to Hindu religion. Savarkar created the term Hindutva, and emphasized its distinctiveness from Hinduism which he associated with social and political disunity. Savarkar’s Hindutva sought to create an inclusive collective identity. The five elements of Savarkar’s philosophy were Utilitarianism, Rationalism and Positivism, Humanism and Universalism, Pragmatism and Realism. In 1920, many prominent freedom fighters including Vithalbhai Patel, Mahatma Gandhi and Bal Gangadhar Tilak demanded the release of Savarkar. On May 2, 1921, Savarkar was moved to Ratnagiri jail, and from there to the Yeravada jail. In Ratnagiri jail Savarkar wrote the book ‘Hindutva’. On January 6, 1924 he was h freed under the condition that he would not leave Ratnagiri district and abstain from political activity for the next five years. On his release, Veer Savarkar founded the Ratnagiri Hindu Sabha on January 23, 1924 that aimed to preserve India’s ancient culture and work for social welfare. Later Savarkar joined Tilak’s Swaraj Party and founded the Hindu Mahasabha as a separate political party. He was elected President of the Mahasabha and toiled for building Hindu Nationalism and later joined the Quit India movement.Veer Savarkar died on February 26, 1966 at the age of 1983.

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