Grizzly bear is subspecies of the brown bear. These huge animals originate from Europe and Asia, but today they can be found only in North America and Canada. Grizzly bears are large and range in color from very light tan (almost white) to dark brown. They have a dished face, short, rounded ears and a large shoulder hump The hump is where a mass of muscles attach to the bear’s backbone and give the bear additional strength for digging.
They have very long claws on their front feet that also give them extra ability to dig after food and to dig their dens. Grizzly bears received their name because their brown fur can be tipped with white. This gives them a “grizzled” look, especially when blacklit by the sun. Grizzly bears weigh upwards of 700 pounds. The males are heavier than the females and can weigh up to 1,700 pounds. A large female will weigh up to 800 pounds. Grizzly bears are omnivores. The most commonly eaten plants are the fleshy roots of some plants, fruits, berries, grasses, and forbs. If grizzly bears are on the hunt, their prey can include fish (especially salmon), rodents like ground squirrels, carrion and hoofed animals like moose, elk, caribou, and deer. They are especially good at catching the young of these hoofed wildlife species. Grizzly bears can be found in woodlands, forests, alpine meadows and prairies.
In many habitats they prefer riparian areas along rivers and streams. Mating season lasts from late spring to early summer, but females become pregnant when they enter hibernation. They give birth to 2 cubs few months before the hibernation ends. Cubs can climb trees when they are young. After few years they will lose this ability because of their long claws. Bear’s claw is long like human’s finger. Bears are excellent swimmers. They are also fast runners; they can run up to 30 miles per hour. They have perfect eyesight and excellent sense of smell. They will detect smell better than hound dog.
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