France is currently the world’s capital of posthumous matrimony. This practice dates back roughly to the First World War, when the fiancees and girlfriends of slain soldiers would tie the knot with their fallen lovers via proxy. In 1950, the French government legally clarified the ritual. Under this legislation, the living spouse must get the approval of the nation’s President and Justice Minister. A simple ceremony is then held in which the bride or groom stands beside a photo of their significant other.
Posthumous marriage—that is, nuptials in which one or both members of the couple are dead—is an established practice in China, Japan, Sudan, France, and even the United States, among members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. The procedural and legal nuances of each approach vary wildly between cultures, but here is an overview of how to tie the knot with someone who isn’t quite alive. France is one of the few countries in the world to allow a marriage between two parties, one of whom is dead. The French legislation is founded on a limited number of Proxy Marriages permitted during the First World War, when brides were allowed to marry a recently-fallen fiance by proxy. In the 1950’s a dam collapsed at Frejus, killing some 400 people, including Andre Capra who was engaged to be married. His fiancee begged President Charles de Gaulle to allow the wedding to go ahead and the legislation was introduced in Article 171 of the Civil Code.In Chinese culture “Ghost Marriages” can take place after a death. For a girl and her family this can avoid the stigma of remaining an unmarried: she is required to participate in the funeral of her intended partner, take a vow of celibacy and move in with the man’s family. Under French law posthumous marriages are possible as long as evidence exists that the deceased person had the intention while alive of wedding their partner. According to Christophe Caput, the mayor who married Jaskiewicz, her request was “rock solid”. in the other hand The tradition of the ghost marriage is one that supposedly stretches back to the first imperial dynasty of China: the Qin Dynasty, dating from the years 221 BC-206 BC. The most comprehensive early records of the practice, however, appear to come from the following dynasty: the Han (206 BC-220AD). The purpose of the tradition is to ensure that if a man or woman dies young and unmarried, they should still travel to the afterlife with a spouse, thus protecting both the name of their living family and guaranteeing company for the deceased in next world. However, if a woman were to die young and unwed, she could not be given a proper funeral or spirit tablet, as that was the responsibility of the husband’s family and never of her birth family. A living man could also go through the same ghost marriage if his bride prematurely died, yet his marital status had no importance on whether he could be properly buried upon his own early demise. There is much less evidence of ghost marriages occurring between a living man and his dead bride, as protection in death as well as a wider range of freedoms in life existed for a man, regardless if he were single or married.