Prague, City of a Hundred Spires, a UNESCO monument and one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The Old Town Hall with the famous Prague Astronomical Clock. The winding lanes of the Jewish Quarter, which you know from the novels of Franz Kafka, steeped in the legend of the Golem. Czechoslovakia splits into two independent countries, Czech Republic and Slovakia on January 1, 1993. Prague becomes the capital of the Czech Republic.