The KaliYug (Iron Age)
The Yug Cycle tells us that we are now living in the Kali Yug. according to Indian Myths the age of darkness, when morality and mental capabilities reach their lowest point in the end of Yug cycle. The Great Indian epic, Mahabharata describes the Kali Yuga as the period when the “World Soul” is Black in color, only one quarter of morality remains, which slowly fade to zero .The KaliYug (Iron Age) was preceded by three others Yugas: SatYug (Golden Age), Treta Yug (Silver Age) and the Dwapara Yug (Bronze Age). in Sanskrit scriptures, this is the “Age of Downfall”, that is the fourth stage of the world development that we are currently in. According to the astronomer and the mathematician Aryabhatta the KaliYug started in 3102 BC. He finished his book “Aryabhatta” in 499 AD in which he gives the exact year of the beginning of KaliYug.
The word “tantra” is derived from the combination of two words “tattva” and “mantra”. “Tattva” means the science of cosmic principles, while “mantra” refers to the science of mystic sound and vibrations. Tantra therefore is the application of cosmic sciences with a view to attain spiritual ascendancy. In another sense, tantra also means the scripture by which the light of knowledge is spread: Tanyate vistaryate jnanam anemna iti tantram.
There are essentially two schools of Indian scriptures – “Agama” and “Nigama”. Agamas are those which are revelations while Nigama are the traditions. Tantra is an Agama and hence it is called “srutishakhavisesah”, which means it is a branch of the Vedas.
Kumbh derives its name from the immortal Pot of Nectar, which the Demigods (Devtas) and Demons (Asuras) fought over, described in ancient Vedic scriptures known as the Puranas. It is these Vedic literature’s that have stood the test of time, out of which the tradition has evolved into the one that the world now knows as The Kumbh Mela