An exceptional natural setting, an incredible cultural wealth, an outstanding gastronomy, a vast choice of outdoor activities and an animated nightlife – these are only some of the reasons, to name just those, who make Luxembourg your tourist destination of choice. Discover a multicultural city, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg’s capital and seat of many European institutions. Between tradition and modernity, let yourself be surprised by its many tourist places to visit, its UNESCO World Heritage monuments and the numerous museums and squares. Plan your cultural outings with the agenda, full of ideas to complete your stay: festivals, exhibitions, theater. Despite its small size – 2,586 km2 and home to 576,000 inhabitants – the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a sovereign state with a rich history. Nestled between France, Belgium and Germany in the heart of Europe, it has been involved in the great European developments. The turbulent past of the Grand Duchy is a true mirror of European history. During the Middle Ages, its princes wore the crown of the Holy Roman Empire. In Early Modern Times, its fortress was a major bone of contention in the battle between the great powers. Before achieving independence in the 19th century, Luxembourg belonged successively to the Counts and Dukes of Luxembourg, the Dukes of Burgundy, the Kings of Spain, the Kings of France, the Emperors of Austria and Kings of the Netherlands. During the 20th century, this wealthy and dynamic country acted as a catalyst in the unification of Europe. Most of Luxembourg’s customs and habits go back to the country’s religious traditions. However many holidays, ceremonies and rituals are deeply rooted in rural life, which continued to mark the lives of a large part of the population during most of the 20th century. The rapid development towards a multicultural society, in which representatives of the most diverse nationalities live together, has seen the diversity of local traditions expand to include several new dimensions. Thus, in recent years, certain traditions hailing from foreign cultures have seeped into the festive and folkloristic practices of the Luxembourg people.