Travel to the Sultanate of Oman especially to the city of Muscat for amazing Oman Adventure. It is this warm, peaceful culture that has created a society that consistently ranks Oman highly on the annual Global Peace Index, as well as being named the world’s 9th safest tourism destination by the World Economic Forum in 2015. Recent archaeological discoveries suggest that humans settled in Oman during the Stone Age, more than 10,000 years ago.Get an overview of Omani art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government. Beside a country profile with facts and figures, this page offers links to sources which provide you with information about this Arab nation. Oman lies at the eastern corner of the Arabian peninsula. Sharjah and Fujairah (UAE) separate the main part of Oman from the northernmost part of the state, a peninsula (Musandam) extending into the Strait of Hormuz. Historically Omanis were seafarers and traders who dominated regional commodity trading in the Indian Ocean, East Africa and the Arabian Gulf. There were thus a succession of migrations which saw the growth of settlements along some parts of the East African coast.