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The purpose of the Article is to underline the role of Travel Agencies in sustaining tourism development in India. The main objective of the article is to investigate the customer market practices of travel agencies in India and to make recommendations regarding the improved application of the principles of relationship marketing to the customer market of travel agencies in the province.
Complex, dynamic and competitive environment has posed many challenges to travel agencies regarding maintaining competitive advantages and it is imperative that the Travel agencies must have the marketing dynamic capabilities to quickly respond the changes taking place in the market. Based on the theory of marketing dynamic capabilities and the problems being faced by the travel agencies. Travel agencies are expected to be able to advise travelers about their destinations, such as the weather conditions, local ordinances and customs, attractions, and exhibitions. For those traveling internationally, agents also provide information on customs regulations, required documents (passports, visas, and certificates of inoculation), travel advisories, and currency exchange rates. The travel agencies play an important role in tourism development. CRSs and the internet offer travel agents tremendous opportunities to package holidays flexibly, according to the specific needs and preferences of each customer.
Travel agencies operating both locally as well as nationally and internationally, should be encouraged to provide tourism products in the county. For travelers, the internet allows direct communication with tourism suppliers facilitating requests for information, and allowing services and products to be purchased at any time and any place. Travel agencies as the major intermediaries in tourism are faced with a significant challenge. With the social and economic development and people’s living standards, travel service become a popular leisure time has come. Travel agencies are very sensitive services company because the customer wants the high quality of services to enjoy their travel. With the social development, tourism has become one of the industries with strongest development momentum and largest scale in global economy. Industry position and economic function of tourism in urban economic development strengthened gradually and function of pulling urban economy, driving social employment and promoting the culture and environment showed gradually. Historically booking travel was largely the scope of travel agents who had specialized systems and the connections to book the travel as well as accommodations. They also made the effort to know destinations so could make recommendations for their clients. While travel agents are still active and still provide value, much of what agents have done can be done by individuals sitting at their computers, and now travel related commerce accounts for a large percentage of Ebusiness.
The development, maintenance and strengthening of a relationship with customers will depend on the customers’ perception of the importance of key relationship dimensions. These dimensions will eventually influence the relationship learning of customers towards the establishment of a long-term relationship with the business. It becomes important for travel agencies to implement customer marketing strategies based on the customers’ experience with the travel agency through their level of relationship commitment, product quality and service delivery.
Expedia, the first online service provider, was founded in the U.S. in 1996; and started to offer flight, hotel and transfer service over internet. However, the sales boom was reached upon the introduction of dynamic packaging technology. The company, today, continue its operations over 30 countries.
Dynamic packaging helps online tour operators, travel management companies and other traditional travel companies to sell online. Airlines, hotels and tour operators benefit greatly from dynamic packaging technology.
In our contemporary world, internet has been an essential part of our daily life. Internet has also proven itself within the tourism industry recently. The latest development of the internet application in the tourism industry is dynamic packaging applications. The dynamic packaging application which presents opportunity to travel agencies to supply various holiday packages to the consumers in real time provides a competitive advantage. Today, consumers’ demand have changed.
They prefer preparing their own holiday packages to purchasing predetermined holiday packages because they want more personal holidays and think that current pre-determined packages are not flexible enough .More consumers require more individualized, flexible and selectable holiday programs and discover travel products of the online world. One of the arms of the semantic web can be found in the tourism industry as dynamic packaging applications.
Dynamic packaging is one of the most important innovations of online travel agencies. The application was first started by the Expedia; and today it is adopted and applied by many online travel agencies. Dynamic packaging provides consumers to reach multiple services with a single search. Thus, consumers can get lower price than they purchase each independent component individually. At the same time dynamic packaging provides suppliers to hide their discount rates. When we look at the customization feature, there are some customization options in three web sites.
Customers can determine destination or multiple destinations, departure and return dates, departure and return times, non-stop or refundable flights, round trip or one way trip in Expedia. In Travelocity, customers can determine destination, round trip or one way trip, departure and return dates, departure and return times, class of flight and airline alternatives. Customers can also determine destination, departure and return dates, departure and return times, non-stop flights and hotel name in Orbitz.com In today’s world where consumers are far more educated than they were several years ago, the travel industry’s future lies in a customer-driven mix of packages, individual products and self-organized travel. In the last few years, the travel industry has been buzzing with a sizzling new phrase “Dynamic Packaging”. Dynamic packaging helps provide a single, fully priced travel package that hides the price of the individual travel components.
It helps airlines, online travel agencies and tour operators to tap into different supplier systems in real time and bundle travel components (air, hotel, car, entertainment) into a single reservation. This is a seamless process which allows the user to choose from a huge range of travel and associated products from multiple vendors. A rules engine is used to configure and manage the different travel products that can be bundled and priced. These technological developments and changing consumer demands have brought several innovations in the travel industry.
One of these innovations is dynamic packaging application. By means of dynamic packaging application, travel agencies can offer real-time, customized, flexible and secure travel alternatives. On the other side, consumers are able to plan their travels and to make reservation through dynamic packaging applications. Heterogonous data regarding holiday can be gathered through dynamic packaging application so the consumers’ private needs can be meet. Worldwide, it is possible to talk about existence of travel agencies which apply dynamic packaging system. In this Article, Expedia.com, Travelocity.com and Orbitz.com travel agencies’ dynamic packaging applications were investigated. In dynamic packaging applications, choice, customization, flexibility, security and real time features must be found. These characteristics are the main specifications of the dynamic packaging applications distinct from traditional travel packages. As tour operators and vacation packagers continue to understand the value of implementing dynamic packaging technology, travel consumers are reaping the benefits. Travel consumers can now opt to customize vacations rather than accepting pre-packaged alternatives. Empowered travel consumers are exercising more control over their vacations. Dynamic packaging is thus, the most cost effective way for travel distributors to package, distribute and sell vacation products today.
(CRS) Central Reservation System & (GDS) Global Distribution System created a boom in the world of travel
Internet technology and web based commerce have dramatically transformed the airline industry in the last ten years. As travelers embraced the Internet, this enabled airlines to bypass the traditional distribution pattern through travel agencies and sell direct to end consumers. Web distribution combined with cheaper and more flexible technologies allowed new players on the market, low cost airlines (LCCs), to implement effective low-cost direct distribution strategies and intensify competition in the sector. Airline distribution has for many years been synonymous to Central Reservation Systems (CRSs), later termed Global Distribution Systems (GDSs). GDSs have served as the concern of electronic commerce in travel for decades, providing virtual real-time connectivity between thousands of suppliers of travel inventory (airlines, hotels, car rental, tour operators, cruise lines, etc.) and hundreds of thousands of retail sellers of travel products.
GDSs progressively consolidated their position to only four major systems, namely Sabre, Amadeus, Galileo and Wordspan.
Sabre offered its first passenger reservations systems in 1960. Since then, Sabre made continuous technological advances for electronic commerce for the travel and transportation industry. The company operates through four segments: (1) Sabre Travel Network is used by more than 350,000 travel professionals; (2) Travelocity.com allows individuals to make their own travel arrangements; (3) Sabre Airline Solutions provides software, e-business tools, and consulting services to improve the operations of some 400 air carriers and airports; and (4) Sabre Hospitality Solutions does the same for hotels. Amadeus is another major player in the industry, providing travel reservation and ticketing systems. More than 100,000 travel agencies and 35,000 airline sales offices use Amadeus’ global distribution system (the world’s largest), which books flights on about 460 airlines. It also makes reservations at some 85,000 hotel properties and about 25 car rental agencies, as well as rail, cruise, tour, and ferry operators.
Airline fares were deregulated in 1983 and airlines have been able to charge whatever price they wanted since then. The procedure has been to provide the global distribution systems (GDSs) with fares that would be sold to the public. Negotiated fares, for consolidators, corporations and tour operators would be distributed privately. In EARLY 1990’s, web fares were made available. Individuals who signed up with an airline were emailed information on deeply discounted fares would be announced weekly. These fares were designed to unload seats on routes that had low load factors. Over time, carriers also began offering reservations capability on the Internet and offered lower fares or other inducements such as bonus frequent flyer miles in order to get passengers to book online. When a passenger books online, there are no travel agent commissions or CRS fees. GDS platforms evolved from the original airline central reservation systems (CRSs), which were first introduced decades ago. Up to the 1970s, travel agencies had to locate the best routes and fares for their customers in airline manuals and then call the carrier for availability and reservation. The Internet also brought about the appearance of online travel agencies on the marketplace such as Travelocity and Expedia. Online travel agencies, consumer success and high ambitions made airlines react by setting up Orbitz, an online Web site with direct connect technology to airlines, bypassing GDSs and their booking fees. This entity became a powerful competitor to online travel agencies, and it enabled carriers to connect directly via its technology and avoid GDS booking fees.
The leisure travel segment is the one where airlines have the most leverage, yet these are the products which have the highest relative cost of distribution. Travel agents provide their customers with information and advice, make reservations, provide tickets, and other ancillary services. Their services include making reservations on airlines, hotels, car rentals, cruises, tours and other events. The rapid growth of publicly available global distribution systems (GDS) and central reservation systems (CRS) for air passenger bookings has generated a dramatic shift in India. GDS/CRS data for domestic airfares are widely available through consumer portals such as Expedia , Travelocity and Orbitz. Basic travel queries to these portals reveal the real-time airline and fare information for a variety of competing carriers. Information regarding flight routes, departure times, duration and connections are also presented by the GDS. The purpose of this Article is to present a method for acquiring and utilizing GDS data for transportation analysis. Finally, to provide an example of how this GDS data can be used a gravity-based accessibility model, which utilizes network information and itinerary pricing mined from the GDS engines is presented. The reasonable outcome would be to have the airlines offer their web fares at two levels: their site price and their marked up price, depending on the channel of distribution. This would allow them to avoid the costs of the GDSs and it will give them broader market exposure. Their marked up price could include other charges such as credit card fees. Their pricing structure should be made public so that it is understandable to all.
In this Article I examined the latest developments and transformations in airline distribution, triggered mainly by the emergence and growth of the Internet and open architecture technologies. I have presented the key changes affecting the GDS industry as identified and described by airline distribution research analysts.
The purpose of the Article is to investigate young tourist’s behavior in planning a trip, to understand how young people make decisions when they decide to go on a trip, in their country or in a foreign country, the process of searching information and their opinions about travel agencies services and about using Internet for planning a trip.
The role of the tour operator is to essentially sell accommodation, transport, activities and transfers in a combined all-inclusive package. The travel industry is highly structured, and businesses within the industry tend to specialize in one or a small number of functions driven by their core business. Understanding the structure of the travel trade is important for a company in developing its core business strategy, making marketing decisions, and investing for growth. Travel agencies are perhaps the most visible companies in the travel trade. Their primary businesses is to resell accommodations, transportation services (including airplane and train tickets, car and bus transfers) individual services including guide and translator services, and package services such as sightseeing tours. Within each agency, there is often a focus on either inbound or outbound trade, with the outbound agencies focusing either on ticketing services and accommodation bookings, or on package holidays. Travel agencies generally serve a mix of long and short haul markets, although some specialize in long haul markets. Outbound tour operators create and market travel products to customers in their own markets that are usually long haul travelers seeking a specific experience in a foreign destination. Inbound tour operators create and market travel products and services to customers mainly in long haul markets. Customers in countries far away generally do not have in depth knowledge of a destination or the service providers in that destination, may not speak the language, and may not feel comfortable making their own arrangements. The nature of travel agency business is to provide holiday-related services such as ticket booking, transfer arrangement, hotel room booking and arrangement of ground transportation, venue selection and booking for MICE activities. The scope of business of travel agents was narrow and confined to selected services. Moreover, the business was managed with small investment. It was risky business as it was depending upon the natural and socio-political along with cultural factors. A number of restrictions were imposed by the government on travel agents and tour operators for entry into tour operation business. Tour operators had no choice, but to deal with other problems like confirmation of hotel rooms, safety in travel, quality of foods, travel documents, volatile political system, language differences, cultural differences, cumbersome and tedious travelling, long journey, etc. The history of professional travel agency business started with a day-long excursion tour for his 570 friends in the Temperance Society from Leicester to Loughborough in 1841. He took the services of the British Railway. All his friends were charged one shilling for this excursion. That excursion tour was accompanied with a band to play typical hams and a picnic lunch of hams along with the afternoon tea for refreshment. Tourism involves the movement of people. That movement might either be within their own countries – which is called “domestic tourism” – or to and from other countries – which is called “international tourism”. In recent years, rapid advancements in information technology, particularly the Internet, have created enormous opportunities for traditional travel agencies to target their tourism offerings to a wider market. In response to the increasing demand for tourism information by the travelers, many travel agencies have established websites to promote their services and products. These websites plays an important role in mediating between customers and companies as a channel for information acquisition and business transactions. Recent developments in information technologies , in particular the popularity of the Internet in the early 1990s,have changed the way that tourism businesses communicate with its customers and the way that promotion and sales of tourism products are conducted. Tourism represents a unique segment from the business environment because the services achieved cannot be tested before the purchase. Travelers have to believe the indirect or virtual experience. This is why the way you present the travel destinations is one of the most important success factor. Potential travelers can choose between contacting a travel agent or going online when planning a trip. Travel agents are having quite a success in creating professional catalogs and brochures, where consumers can find important and well selected information combined very well with nice photos, useful tips and tricks, guiding maps and so on. Travel Agents vs. Online Booking: Tackling the Shortcomings of Nowadays Online Tourism Portals represents a qualitative study that aimed to identify the reasons that lead many consumers still rely on traditional travel agencies instead of booking their trips through Internet.
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The development community has long upheld that a thriving private sector is essential for economic development. SMEs play an instrumental, but often under-recognized, role in private sector growth. SMEs are a fundamental part of the economic fabric in developing countries, and they play a crucial role in furthering growth, innovation and prosperity. Unfortunately, they are strongly restricted in accessing the capital that they require to grow and expand, with nearly half of SMEs in developing countries rating access to finance as a major constraint. The SME sector is the backbone of the economy in high-income countries, but is less developed in low-income countries. SMEs include a wide range of businesses, which differ in their dynamism, technical advancement and risk attitude. Many are relatively stable in their technology, market and scale, while others are more technically advanced, filling crucial product or service niches. Increased SME growth has a direct effect on GDP growth due to increased output, value add and profits. The GDP contribution per SME is the difference between the return on capital and the cost of capital. In an era of globalizing economies many markets become increasingly international and competitive, although the story is different for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) than it is for multinational corporations (MNCs). The situation in the local market place for travel agencies in Copenhagen, Denmark, is no different, even though services are not the same as tangible products. In the context of globalization, the tourism industry, like many other industries, tends to consolidate and the question of how SMEs manage the competition is intriguing. Besides larger competitors with visible, physical premises, other processes related to globalization are presenting SMEs with both opportunities and threats. In any case, the long term viability of SMEs in the local tourism industry is at stake and this study covers, among others, what strategies are deployed by SMEs to remain profitable and competitive. There has been a growing focus on innovation in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in tourism industry. Innovation has been playing an increasing role in hospitality industry, and is especially important for the SMEs as well as travel agencies. However, innovation research has been applied to SMEs in hospitality industry on a limited extent. This article discusses various definitions of innovation and innovation approaches in the context of SMEs in tourism industry. The objective of the article is to reveals innovation activities of the travel agencies as one of the SMEs in tourism industry. In addition, the article aims to reveal the relationship between innovation and the operating age of travel agency, and total personnel number of travel agency. However, the internet also presents travel agencies with new opportunities that can be utilized to develop new strategies. Information technology (IT) in general has influenced the rules of the game in the tourism industry, like it does in many other industries. Doubtless, a major strength for many small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) is their close customer contact and their ability to maintain close customer relationships. Nevertheless, in the light of today’s business environment all SMEs have to take a closer look at their situation, even if they want to go on with their local strategy and if business outside their traditional region has no strategic logic. The role SMEs play in today’s global economies is a highly interesting matter. Initially, it was assumed SMEs would play a minor role in the rapid globalizing world economy. Multinational corporations (MNCs) would be the drivers of globalization and together with consumers they would reap the benefits. At least, this was the story as depicted in the popular press and by scholars. Surely, MNCs have the capacity and funds to invest abroad, enter new markets, and are able to better hedge themselves against the (financial) risks. Consumers, on the other hand, have benefited from lower prices of consumer goods, increased transparency, and the possibility to travel more cheaply and easily to faraway destinations. The impact of globalization differs from industry to industry. The aim of this article is to research the impact of globalization on SMEs in the tourism industry. Globalization and global tourism can be seen as two interconnected elements. This research covers the global tourism industry and takes a particular interest in local travel agencies. It is interesting as many industries in tourism are related to services and, traditionally, the services sector is the least globalized industry, because of strong local forces. That has everything to do with personal services, which is a dominating aspect in the local tourism industry. The framework will work as a Business to Business (B2B) connector between enterprises, in particular SMEs. It will cover all branches of the tourism industry (hotels, travel agencies, restaurants, etc.) and will be calculable, modular and developed as open source. It will enable undertakings to exchange data and share processes with each other through a set of specifications that allow interaction between the different systems. Traditional travel agencies will be able to gain access by adapting their systems, via private web interface (for example via an external website), or using Centralized Reservation System (CRS), while online agencies will be able to access automatically using standard communication formats (XML-based) by integrating with the system. Hotels and other tourism service providers will be able to connect through their Property Management System (PMS) using standard communication formats (XML-based) or the application provided .
Tourism is one of the pillar industries in India; they have accumulated a set of more perfect and mature management system in travel agency and operation mechanism. The current development of India’s travel industry still has a lot of room for improvement. Referencing and learning travel agency industry management experience of India will promote our tourism industry management process. The study focuses on the difference of the India’s tourism management system and their respective advantages of management. Then it puts forward corresponding suggestions according to the present situation of the development of travel industry of the India, and provides reference for the travel industry management and the organization system innovation. Regarded as an economic and social activity, tourism represents, through its content and role, a distinct field of activity, a highly important component of the economic and social life in a growing number of countries, and implicitly in our own country. Tourism is a specific phenomenon in modern civilization and it is deeply rooted in the life of the society and, as such, it has influenced its evolution. Thus, being responsive to the dynamic changes in contemporary civilization, tourism evolves under their impact, joining the general process of development. Tourism also acts as a stimulating factor for the progress and evolution given the vast human and material potential engaged in its development and given the beneficial effects on the area of interference. The tourism and hospitality industry is currently one of the most important industries worldwide. India takes full advantage of highly favorable and more than adequate conditions for the development of different forms of tourism. This context encompasses the efforts of specialists to rigorously and scientifically define the categorize system integrated to tourism, its inter-dependencies with other parts of the economy and to quantify its effects. In many developing countries, tourism is widely accepted as a way to contribute to economic development, job opportunities and foreign revenues. Due to these factors tourism worldwide has developed rapidly in the last decades. The advantages of tourism and the live examples from different parts of the world encourage countries with adequate resources to find out the ways of conducting efforts aiming sustainability in this area because sustainability can be easily connected to almost all kinds and scales of tourism activities and environments. On the other hand, tourism in developing countries is also considered as a growing environmental concern because of its affect on seasonality, lack of suitable infrastructures and planning. The travel agencies are defined as a firm qualified to arrange for travel-related retail services on behalf of various tourism industry principals. With the evolution of the internet, the use of on-line search facilities for travel information has provided additional sources of information and opportunities to purchase travel direct from suppliers such as airlines and accommodation providers without recourse to travel agents and in some instances at discounts to prices available through travel agencies by eliminating commissions for such agents . Furthermore, the capacity of the internet to promote and provide information conveniently and quickly has offered alternatives to physical visits by consumers to travel agencies in order to access such information. Friends and relatives were regarded as an important source of information in the selection of travel agencies. Travelers suggested that they interact regularly and continuously with friends and relatives, who might have significant influence on their attitudes and behaviors. Furthermore, pressures for conformity might exist that affect the actual travel agency choices. As such, travel agencies should be aware of this social factor and acknowledge the fact that it could determine how consumers were to select their travel agencies.
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Travel is an extremely diverse and complex industry. The travel industry is comprised of over a dozen related industries: airlines, restaurants, hotels/motels, travel agencies, gift shops, auto rentals, and a host of other businesses that may not be even recognized their dependence on travel and tourism since travelers are usually indistinguishable from local customers. Travel industry is a service-oriented industry.
It provides people with services such as transportation, lodging, dining, amusements, recreation, travel planning and retail. Travel agencies exist primarily as intermediaries between suppliers of travel services , such as airlines and hotels, and customers. Unlike distributors in many industries, travel agencies do not deal with physical products but with information. Travel agent is defined as a person who undertakes a job for another person, who is the ‘principal’. The principal in such a relationship not only sets the goals of the job, such as selling tickets, but may also control the means and manner in which the job is done. A current overview of the industry, including the changing trends of travelers, was required by the organization, with a specific request to source existing available data with regard to industry trends for travelers in seeking, booking and purchasing travel.
It was understood from the outset that data may not exist to answer all the desired needs and, hence, the scoping study would help to confirm the need for future primary research, as well as the parameters and dimensions of that research. This article describes the key findings of the scoping phase. The overall market with regard to the Travel Agency Service Industry in India includes direct selling by travel agencies (retailers and wholesalers), online travel agencies, online wholesalers/consolidators, airlines, tour operators and other ground content (accommodation, attractions, event and show tickets, car hire etc.) operators. Internet travel reservations and bookings include transport (plane, ship, rental cars etc.), accommodation (hotels, motels, serviced apartments etc.), tourist attractions (theme, amusement parks, museums etc.) and bookings made for business, personal and/or leisure purposes. It was the intention in this study that internet travel reservations and bookings would exclude travel agent websites; however, the secondary research drawn on did not always clarify whether usage of the internet excluded travel agent sites or not. Technological developments regarding travel purchases have affected the industry dramatically.
Direct bookings and reservations by travelers via the internet, using specialist software and GDS sites have increased the opportunities to book both travel and accommodation. Internet booking by travelers has grown and will most likely continue to grow with the spread of other technologies, such as the optical fiber network, online visual presentations of travel product and CD-ROMs. Furthermore, ticket-less travel using smart (computer chip embedded credit cards or e-tickets is also a key factor influencing electronic based purchasing by travelers. The internet also plays an important role as a low-cost and efficient means of sourcing information about travel and travel destinations and is used to help travelers in their travel decision-making. As a result, in particular circumstances the internet is taking the place of the travel agent. However, the usage of the internet (although growing) is not overtaking all aspects of travel. The use of the internet for bookings and sourcing information varies according to ‘type of trip’ and market segment. Additionally, best practice by the leading travel agents suggests it is feasible for agents to compete with the internet. Whilst there is considerable research into why consumers generally use the internet, there is less information about why they use the internet for travel. Available research suggests the internet is used for travel because of related efficiency ease and the low cost in making travel enquiries and purchases.
There is also a view that the internet is a good source of cheap and discounts deals. As already highlighted, the internet is largely used by domestic travelers for booking air travel and accommodation. Scant information available about travelers use of the internet suggests that specific study is needed, with an exploration of current use and plans for future use. The Travel Agent Service Industry is undergoing substantial change as a result of environmental and technological changes. Internet usage was the main issue identified in relation to trends and practices that are currently occurring within the industry. The issue, however, is closely linked to the issues of distribution and service. The internet has enhanced the distribution of travel-related content, pricing information and travel planning tools for consumers. In enhancing the empowerment of consumers to conduct their own research, as well as to plan and book their own travel, it has also created transparency, which has resulted in more price-sensitive travelers. The internet also provides travelers with increased options. due to the growing number of sites available and the information and services offered. However, it is unsustainable for agents to continue to compete on price. It is important to note that, although the study found a general trend towards the uptake of online bookings, travel agencies still remain the most popular mode of booking overseas travel.
The internet, whether perceived as a threat or a benefit, plays a pivotal role in the distribution and provision of services. The increasing use of technology, both by providers and consumers within the industry, highlights the need for travel agents to differentiate themselves from the services offered through the internet. A refocus of the travel agent’s role, which places the emphasis on, for example, niche marketing, value-adding and personalized services, could effectively meet the challenges brought on by the internet. Current available data, while identifying the internet as a pervasive factor in booking trends and patterns, do not adequately account for the needs and desires of consumers and the ways in which consumer views relate to distribution and service. The recommendations put forward throughout this report are, therefore, also a reflection of the need to broaden the research parameters beyond the confines of internet usage and more specifically within different markets. In identifying the current trends and practices in the Travel Agency Service Industry, the research was based on secondary data to specifically consider the following issues, as identified by Indian Tourism:
The fundamental role of a travel agency can be broadly summarized as: information, distribution, reservation and services. For a typical business day, a travel agency’s functions include:
Arranging transportation – air, sea cruises, bus, rail, car rentals locally and abroad;
Preparing individual itineraries, personally- escorted tours, group tours and selling prepared package tours;
Arranging hotels, motels, resort accommodations, meals, sightseeing, transfers of passengers and luggage between terminals and hotels, as well as special events such as music festivals and theatre tickets.
Handling and advising on the details pertaining to travel and baggage insurances, travelers’ cheques, foreign currency exchanges, documentation requirements (visas, health certificates etc.)
Using professional know-how and experience in the provision of air, train and other transportation schedules, hotel rates and their standards as well as qualities;
Arranging reservations for special-interest activities such as religious pilgrimages, conventions and business travels, incentive and educational tours, eco-tourist and gourmet tours, sporting/adventure trips etc.
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Bali Island is a small beautiful island and a part of Indonesia archipelago. It own the panorama and unique culture that make this island is exclusively than others. It is located in the tropical situation that has stated this island as Dream Island for a vacation. Bali lies 3.2 km (2 miles) east of Java, and is approximately 8 degrees south of the equator. Bali and Java are separated by the Bali Strait. The island’s central mountains include several peaks over 3,000 meters in elevation. The highest is Mount Agung, standing at 10,328 ft. (3,148 m) An active volcano known as the “Mother Mountain,” it last erupted in 1963, and lava flows devastated numerous villages, killing 1,500 people. Bali’s volcanic nature has contributed to its exceptional fertility and its tall mountain ranges provide the high rainfall that supports the highly productive agriculture sector. South of the mountains is a broad, steadily descending area where most of Bali’s large rice crop is grown. The northern side of the mountains slopes more steeply to the sea and is the main coffee producing area of the island, along with rice, vegetables and cattle. Dozens of (very small) rivers drain the island. The longest river, the Ayung, flows approximately 75 km.
The island is surrounded by coral reefs. Beaches in the south tend to have white sand while those in the north and west. Bali Island has many kinds of places to visit like rice paddies, beautiful panorama, volcanoes soaring up through the clouds, tourism activities and attractions, dense tropical jungle, long sandy beaches, warm blue water, crashing surf and friendly people who don’t just have a culture but actually live here, daily community ritual and a lot of things make your holiday unforgettable. In Bali, the spirits is coming out to play in the moonlight, every night is a festival and even a funeral is an opportunity to have a good time and the day you will get the enjoy of the sea breeze from the blue sea water which completing your dream holiday. Bali is an Island of God in Paradise that is perfect destination for your holiday, enjoy the paradise with your family and collages and meet Bali will offer something for everyone. This tropical paradise has a unique blend of modern tourist facilities combined with wonderful shopping and a rich past and heritage. The Balinese people are proud of having preserved their unique Hindu culture against the advance of Islam, the dominant religion throughout Indonesia.
This is still reflected in day-to-day life and can be seen in the numerous ceremonies, Balinese festivals and magnificent temples and palaces. Some of the best surfing beaches in the world can be found on the western side of the island whilst conversely the eastern side is a wonderful haven for families, with beautiful white sand beaches and gentle seas. There is no other place like Bali. The Island of the Gods offers great beaches, countless waves for surfing and wonderful natural sites to visit and explore, colorful ceremonies, and gifted artists. There is an unbelievably wide range of hotels and accommodation, restaurants, spas and world-class activities and shopping – all within close distance and at very fair prices. Choose from basic home-stays run by friendly Balinese families, and 5star beach resorts or luxurious, privately-serviced Bali villas with your private pool.
What to do in Bali:
Besakih Temple – Besakih Temple, also known as the ‘mother temple’ of Bali sits on the slopes of Mount Agung, at a lofty 1,000m. Besakih is the largest of all the Balinese temples. Eighteen separate sanctuaries belonging to different caste groups surround the three main temples dedicated to Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu.
Tanah Lot Temple – Tanah Lot must be the island’s most iconic temple. This temple is perched on top of a huge rock, and surrounded by the sea with waves constantly crashing on to its base. As among Bali’s most important sea temples, Tanah Lot pays homage to the guardian spirits of the sea. The temple serves as foreground to the most picturesque sunsets.
Uluwatu Temple – Uluwatu is among the Bali’s most important sea temples, perched on a cliff edge in the southwestern Bukit peninsula. Here you can catch dramatic sunsets such as at Tanah Lot, Uluwatu also features an open amphitheatre close by, where sunset kecak fire dances can be enjoyed. A monkey forest also borders the temple grounds.
Tegallalang Rice Terraces – Ubud is famous for its scenic expanses of rice fields. And the paddies with the best vantage point are just up north from the main Ubud centre, along the road of Tegallalang. Here, roadside stalls and art shops offering items and curios of all kinds line the street, as well as small restaurants offering diners great views.
Ubud Monkey Forest – On the fringes of the Ubud main centre, Ubud Monkey Forest is one of Bali’s several grey long-tailed macaque-inhabited forests and perhaps the best known. Also known as the Sacred Monkey Forest of Padangtegal, and by its official designation as Mandala Wisata Wenara Wana, Ubud Monkey Forest is a place of scientific research as well as a site of spiritual and cultural aspects with temples sanctified by the local villagers deep within its grounds.
Ubud Art Market – The Ubud Art Market, locally referred to as ‘Pasar Seni Ubud’ is located opposite the the Puri Saren Royal Ubud Palace and is open daily. Here you can find beautiful silk scarves, lightweight shirts, handmade woven bags, baskets or hats; statues, kites and many other hand-crafted goods.
Kintamani and Mount Batur – Kintamani, located in the Karangasem Regency, is home to Mount Batur and the Caldera Lake. A favorite stopover on tour itineraries to this region is Penelokan, which aptly means ‘scenic stopover’. The still-active Mount Batur volcano has erupted about 24 times since 1800, each time reshaping the surrounding landscape.
Bali Safari and Marine Park – Bali Safari & Marine Park is Bali’s largest animal theme park. The park is home to over 60 species, all roaming freely within their enclosures built to closely mimic their natural habitats. Bus safaris take visitors on tours ‘around the world’, and animal talent shows are held regularly. Aquariums holding exotic fish specimens are nearby.
*I’m not a guru, nor do I have any kind of a black lore or accomplishment. Were all written in my article entitled have been expressed only through education purpose. Information on the traditional uses and properties of herbs/ animals/ yoga/ places are provided on this site is for educational use only, and is not intended as medical advice. all image credit goes to their Photographers. There is no coordination with anyone, If only he would be considered a coincidence.
It’s Holidays – Be prepared, Himachal is real!
Himachal Pradesh is a part of the Indian Himalayas. It has wide valleys imposing Snow Mountains, limpid lakes, rivers and gushing streams. Himachal situated in the heart of the Western Himalaya, identified as “Dev Bhumi” is believed to be the abode of Gods and Goddesses. The entire state is emphasizing with stone as well as wood temples. The rich culture and traditions has made Himachal unique in itself..
The mountainous landscape of Himachal Pradesh, at the foothills of the Himalayas, is made up of a series of valleys and snow covered peaks. Himachal Pradesh is deservedly sought out by adventure lovers. Alternatively, Himachal Pradesh provides a refreshing escape for those who are craving crisp mountain air.
Shimla is the capital of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, in the Himalayan foothills. Shimla the capital of the state of Himachal Pradesh is a fabulous hill-station surrounded by dense forests that comprises of oak, deodar, pine and rhododendron forests. Shimla has abundance of natural beauty and the locals are privileged to live in such panoramic locations. This place can enamor anyone with its beauty.
Places to visit at Shimla
Simla State Museum| The Ridge| Summer Hill| Daranghati Sanctuary| Indian Institute of Advanced Study| Naldehra and Shaily Peak| Chadwick Falls| Kufri| Christ Church| Annandale| Wild Flower Hal
Manali is a high-altitude Himalayan resort town in India’s northern Himachal Pradesh state. It has a reputation as a backpacking center and honeymoon destination. Manali is situated on the banks of Beas River. Manali Local sightseeing includes Hadinmba devi Temple, Sage Vashisth Temple, Rohtang pass and Solang Valley. Manali is also famous for camping, rafting and paragliding. Rafting in Manali can be enjoyed at katrain near Kullu, Paragliding and skiing in manali can be enjoyed in Solangvalley or Rohtangpass area.
Place to Visit at Kullu & Manli
Kullu & Manli- Basheshwar Mahadev Temple| Sultanpur Palace| Parvati Valley| Raison| Raghunathji Temple| Bijli Mahadev Temple| Shoja| Jagatsukh| River Beas| Rohtang Pass| Solang Valley| Jogini Waterfall| Beas Kund| Hadimba Temple| Jana Falls| Van Vihar National Park| Pin Valley National Park
Dharamsala is a city and a municipal council in Kangra district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. This is the principal township of Kangra district and overlooks wide spread of the plains. With dense pine and deodar forests, numerous streams, cool healthy air, attractive surroundings and the nearby snowline, Dharamsala has everything for a perfect holiday.
Places to visit at Dharamsala
Triund| Dal Lake| Dharamkot| Bhagsu Waterfall| Bhagsunag Temple| Masroor Rock Cut Temple| Church of St. John| Tea Garden | Dalai Lama Temple
The Spiti Valley is a desert mountain valley located high in the Himalaya Mountains in the north-eastern part of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Spiti, originally pronounced ‘Piti’ (the middle land), was historically part of Western Tibet .In the 11th century AD Nimagon, the king of Nariss Korssum divided his kingdom amongst his 3 sons of which Spiti and Zanskar together formed a separate kingdom.Later, Ladakh took over the suzerainty of Spiti and Zanskar, and the area was governed by the Nono (younger brother of the King of Ladakh). Since the valley is situated in rain shadow area, north of the Pir Panjal ranges the weather remains pleasant and quite comfortable during summers from mid May to mid October, since the district is snowbound area and Lahaul valley remain isolated from rest of the world from October-May due to closure of the Rohtang Pass.
Places to visit at Spiti Valley
Spiti| Lhalung| Lossar| Kaza| Kunzum Pass| Kibber| Tabo| Pin valley| Dhankar| Kye
Dalhousie is a hill station in Chamba district in the northern state of Himachal Pradesh, India. It is situated on 5 hills – Kathlog, Patreyn, Tehra, Bakrota and Balun. In western Himachal Pradesh, the hill station of Dalhousie is full of old world charm and holds lingering echoes of the Raj era. It is named after the British governor General of the 19th century, Lord Dalhousie. The town’s average height is 2036 m, and is surrounded by varied vegetation – pines, deodars, oaks and flowering rhododendron. Dalhousie has charming colonial architecture, including some beautiful churches. Dalhousie is 485 km by road from Delhi and 52 km from Chamba. The closest railhead is Pathankot, 80 km away. The airport at Gaggal in Kangra is at a distance of 135 km .
Places to Visit at Dalhousie
Dainkund Peak| Panchpula| Ganji Pahari| Sach Pass| Garam Sadak| Subash Baoli |Bakrota Hills| Katalope
All Photo worth goes to their Photographers.
Cherrapunji, Meghalaya, India. In north-east of the country there are lush rainforests, considered to have the richest biodiversity in Asia. Various unique plants grow here, like Ficus Elastica, enabling the locals to create living bridges from their roots!
The Tree Root Bridges are the favorite tourist attraction in Cherrapunji and Nongriat village. Apparently, the technique is indispensable: the region is the wettest place on Earth and wooden bridges would simply rot. Although it can take up from 10 to 15 years to make a living bridge, the tradition exists for over 500 years.