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According to legend, when a human dies and then returns to the world as a vampire, he or she no longer has a soul. Vampires are reanimated corpses that drink blood to survive and maintain their powers. They were originally humans converted into a vampire by a “maker”. Being technically deceased, their primary characteristics include a lack of a heartbeat, body heat, brainwaves, electrical impulses, need to breathe, and other bodily functions. The unlucky individual is now a vampire. There is so much to say about vampires that we couldn’t just dedicate one page to them.Despite being one of the oldest and most prevalent creatures of world mythology, the origin of vampires has remained unknown for thousands of years. Only a vampire can create another vampire, so logic tells us that the history of vampires begins with a single vampire who created the others. Vampires have existed since the beginning of humanity. According to the Vampire Bible, God created the first vampire, Lilith, followed by the creation of the first humans, Adam and Eve. They were said to have been created as sustenance for Lilith, but the truth of this statement is unknown. Members of the Fellowship of the Sun have their own theories of the first vampire, including Jesus (who rose from the dead), Lazarus (who also rose from the dead), and Cain (the son of Adam and Eve, who committed the first murder).
In Eastern Europe, vampires are believed to be afraid of garlic. Farm animals can be rubbed with garlic to protect them, while garlic often hangs from doors and windows to keep vampires out. Anyone who does not like garlic can be suspected of being a vampire.
However, most humans from among the right-wing Christians believe that vampires were created by the Devil and that they have no souls. A group a vampires has variously been called a clutch, brood, coven, pack, or a clan. Vampire legends may have been based on Vlad of Walachia, also known as Vlad the Impaler (c. 1431-1476). He had a habit of nailing hats to people’s heads, skinning them alive, and impaling them on upright stakes. He also liked to dip bread into the blood of his enemies and eat it. His name, Vlad, means son of the dragon or Dracula, who has been identified as the historical Dracula. Though Vlad the Impaler was murdered in 1476, his tomb is reported empty. One of the earliest accounts of vampires is found in an ancient Sumerian and Babylonian myth dating to 4,000 B.C. which describes ekimmu or edimmu (one who is snatched away). The ekimmu is a type of uruku or utukku (a spirit or demon) who was not buried properly and has returned as a vengeful spirit to suck the life out of the living. While both vampires and zombies generally belong to the “undead,” there are differences between them depending on the mythology from which they emerged. zombies tend to have a lower IQ than vampires, prefer brains and flesh rather than strictly blood, are immune to garlic, most likely have a reflection in the mirror, are based largely in African myth, move more slowly due to rotting muscles, can enter churches, and are not necessarily afraid of fire or sunlight. Garlic, a traditional vampire repellent, has been used as a form of protection for over 2,000 years.
The first notable mention of the word Vampire came in the 18th century in a book called Travels of Three English Gentlemen, though to this day, nobody knows who authored the book. However, the term dates back much further than that, possibly to the 17th century Slavic countries, and is believed to be roughly translated from an ancient word meaning witch.
The ancient Egyptians believed garlic was a gift from God, Roman soldiers thought it gave them courage, sailors believed it protected them from shipwreck, and German miners believed it protected them from evil spirits when they went underground. In several cultures, brides carried garlic under their clothes for protection, and cloves of garlic were used to protect people from a wide range of illnesses. Modern-day scientists found that the oil in garlic, allicin, is a highly effective antibiotic. In some vampire folktales, vampires can marry and move to another city where they take up jobs suitable for vampires, such as butchers, barbers, and tailors. That they become butchers may be based on the analogy that butchers are a descendants of the “sacrificer. Modern literature often states that vampires have many powers; anything from telepathy and mind control to the ability to communicate with and/or transform into animals. There is no historical lore that corroborate these concepts and seem to mostly be very recent developments in vampire mythology. The idea of a vampire is harmed by sunlight is a fairly recent and, apparently, a literary invention.
Some individuals seem to have the ability to draw some kind of psychic energy from others. Every stage performer or public speaker is aware of the rapport which exists between performer and audience, and many have become expert at gaining confidence and power through some instinctive techniques of centralizing and transforming psychic or nervous energy.
Terrifying Facts About Vampires From Ancient Folklore
The most common believed traits of vampire is their ability to survive death of physical body, sustaining their undead life by drinking fresh human blood, have fangs, sleep in coffins during day and that they could be hurt by sunlight, objects of religion (crosses, holy water, etc) and garlic.
They can be temporary stunned or subdued with the use of holy objects (crosses), garlic, holy water, mirrors, sunlight, water (they cannot survive touching open water, such as oceans or large lakes) and invite (they cannot enter a house without invitation).
Some of the more exotic powers that vampires can sometimes get in folklore tales is the ability of flying, transforming into mists or animals, magical persuasion over humans, and ability to change their size and weight.
The word vampire was derived from Hungarian word “vampir” which was given to a good or (most often) evil spirit who possessed the body of deceased in the first 40 days of their death.