Sri Surya Pahar, located about 12 km southeast of Goalpara town and about 136 km northwest of Guwahati, is a significant unknown archaeological site in Assam, India. Sri Surya Pahar, a confluence of the three religions of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism, is a treasure trove of ancient monuments. Sri Surya Pahar was the place of worship of Surya – the Sun God. It was one of the two places where Surya was worshiped in ancient Assam. According to popular belief, 99999 Shiva Lingas were engraved here by sage Vyasa to make it a second Kashi. There are still hundreds of Shiva Lingas scattered all over the hill particularly at the foot of the hill. The only place in the North-East of India where the remains of Jainism can be found, there is a carving of Adinath – the 1st Tirthankara of the Jains. There are also other Jain carvings all of which date back to 9th century A.D. These carvings were done by the followers of Adinath or Rishabhanath. The name of ‘Sri Surya Pahar’ implies that the site was perhaps associated with the cult of sun worship. Literary accounts corroborate that among other Hindu deities worshiped in ancient Assam, ‘Surya’ (or the Sun God) occupied a prominent place in its cultural history. References are found in the Kalika-Purana (c.10th century) about two seats of sun worship in ancient Assam.
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